The American System of Manufacture

The stages of mass production
  1. the factory system
  2. the American System of Manufacture
  3. the assembly line
  4. automation

Eli Whitney:

Inventing the American system:

PEM photo: Blanchard Stocking Lathe, Springfield Armory National Historic Site

PEM photo: milling machine American Precision Museum

Impact of the American System:

PEM photo: milling machine

These new machine tools revolutionized the manufacture of clocks, textile machinery, printing machines, professional and scientific instruments, locomotives, cash registers, typewriters (1873), sewing machines (1850), agricultural implements, cigarette rolling machines (1884), bicycles, and eventually automobiles.  For example:

 1883 Singer Sewing Machine

Sholes & Glidden Type Writer

The machine age :

  this page written and copyright by  Pamela E. Mack
last updated 10/3/05