Second Phase of the Industrial Revolution
issues to think about:

Hobsbawm argument:

energy sources in the industrial revolution

Where did the new technologies of the second phase come from?
Step 1: the Steam Engine:

The steam engine is an interesting case of the role of science in the industrial revolution

early research

Guericke's experiment
The early practical steam engines are all atmospheric engines

In the industrial revolution
Watt Engine                                         

 penydarren colliery locomotive 
Penydarren Locomotive

By 1850 the industrial revolution began to seem permanent and businesses and workers began to adjust to it more fully

this page written and copyright  Pamela E. Mack
last updated 9/6/19