Technology before the Industrial Revolution

Why look at the more distant past?
First the introduction to Hobsbawm:
What is this book trying to do?
Hobsbawm ch. 1
What is an industrial revolution?
To understand the industrial revolution we need to look at:

Why look at England?  (note: Great Britain=England+Scotland+Wales+Northern Ireland)
factory workers


Background:

Prehistoric Technology--agriculture was the invention that allowed larger communities with division of labor, therefore more progress
Ancient World--progress was limited by attitudes towards technology in Europe and the Middle East The fall of Rome resulted in a near-complete collapse of civilization
The Middle Ages in Europe (700-1400 CE)--technological progress and economic changes
four seasons
 the four season, from bnf.fr
Agricultural changes increased the amount of food one farmer could produce: Feudalism gave farmers somewhat more freedom to adopt new technologies:castle with fields and ox drawn plow

 




  waterwheel at 17th century ironworks
Water Power began to be used in place of human muscle:water mill
 image of a saint   23. Life and Miracles of Saint Louis
Christianity and attitudes towards technology in the Middle Ages
The Early Modern Era from 1450 to 1750 saw further technological innovations and changes in thinking.printing press
 image source
The printing press allowed knowledge to spread more quickly and reliably: impact:
  Martin Luther
Scientific Revolution  ( a somewhat more detailed overview ):
 
Exploration:
Magellan's fleet
 the full rigged ship (about 1500--only one of Columbus's ships was the new design)
very primitive cannon
 Early gunpowder weapons

this page written and copyright ©  Pamela E. Mack
last updated 8/28/2017