Principe 4
antique watch
Principles to keep in mind:

Religion and science

The sublunar world:

In Aristotelian physics earth and water naturally fall towards the center of the earth, air and fire naturally rise, and quintessence (the material of the heavenly bodies) naturally goes in circles
illustration
                from Gilbert
structure of the earth

Galileo worked on laws of motion

Air pressurebarometer

Guericke's experiment

Alchemy

Mechanical philosophy

During the scientific revolution there was not a dominant world view, but many competing ones.  One thing that was broadly changing is that experiment was becoming more important

Early modern natural philosophers did not yet agree on how to find and prove answers to their questions