Gies ch. 1

This chapter is an introduction to what questions the Gies's think are interesting about medieval technology and a literature survey

How historians have treated the middle ages has changed over time:
How were the middle ages different from earlier western civilization?

Consider the role of Christianity:

Issue 1: did Christianity teach humans to control nature?

Issue 2: did Christianity encourage technology?

Issue 3: medieval education and the classification of knowledge

Consider the role of technology in social change in the middle ages