Gies 3

The fall of the Roman empire marked the end of central rule, but changes in economic life came more slowly

Early middle ages (500-900)

Medieval climactic optimum 950-1150


fields below a castle
  waterwheel at 17th century ironworks
Water Power

Textiles were often made by women in workshops, not just at home

Mounted knights become important to warfare in the 10th century

Increased demand for iron

building and transportation technology was mostly at best on a Roman level