Nye 3

steam power first transformed transportation--steam boat and railroad

in the 1830s and 1840s manufacturing using steam power began to develop in some cities--some coastal, some railway centers
it took aggressive promotion in the 1840s to persuade businesses to invest in steam power
in New England steam power exceeded water power only in the late 1880s

canal system provided cheap coal and other heavy goods
the railroad produced regional and then national markets (http://pammack.sites.clemson.edu/lec122sts/hobsbawm7.html)
Railroads changed the city and how people experienced the world

in the south steam engines were mostly located in rural areas, not cities
exception: Birmingham AL

Early American railroads used wood as fuel for their steam engines, but steam power became more widely used when coal became the fuel

types of coal

steam engines could use the same belt and shaft power systems as water wheels

Once you have steam power factories can be more concentrated

Concentrated steam powered industry was much more damaging to the environment
smoke was seen as a sign of prosperity

industry in Philadelphia

The dangers of steam

Energy instead of force because a metaphor for human effort

1876 Centennial Exposition
corliss engine at the centennial

The new crowded cities built sewer systems, water supplies, and gas plants to provide gas for street lights
networked city