Wright 4

Coal power (and wind power for ships) started to rise dramatically in England in the 18th century (1700s)

chart from p 95

Notice that this chart is per head, not total

Improvement of the steam engine:

In the industrial revolution
Watt engine
 Watt Engine
We already discussed road transportation, but note that roads (and canals and railroads) were built by private investors, not by the government

The railroad in England:

 penydarren colliery locomotive 
Penydarren Locomotive

Sea transportation improved as well, with larger ships carrying coal from the north of England to London

Reliable low cost transportation using inorganic energy was essential to the continued growth of the industrial revolution
Enthusiasm for technology and the idea that new technology is the way to make money