labor force
            distributionat the same time factories were slowly becoming more automated
slow because the machines were expensive and complicated to set up and needed fewer but more skilled workers
a new step in technology, numerically controlled machine tools, could translate engineering design to production

well paid, low-skill industrial and mining jobs were increasingly lost to automation

what does increased productivity give us?

1960s counterculture was in large part a revolt against uniformity and mass production

worker unrest
one alternative was dividing workers into teams, but it was more expensive