Kline intro and 1

"divide separating a 'modern' urban life from a 'primitive' rural one" (p. 1)
"modernize" rural life
rural technology as a second creation narrative: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hg1ekZrT_zA
look at the people whose the goal was to use new technology to transform rural work and culture

note starting on page 6 his definition of key terms
he is going to look at who pushed and who resisted the urbanization of rural life (second creation) narratives
a mutual shaping of technology and culture (p. 8)
consumption junction: the dynamic between the producers of technology and the consumers of technology
consumers react not always with enthusiasm, sometimes with resistance (or intentional misuse)
those promoting new technologies thought farmers were backwards, farmers wanted higher prices for their products

look for three types of organizations (networks)
  1. physical systems (like the telephone network) and the organizations (companies or co-ops) that built them
  2. government and private agencies such as the cooperative extension service
  3. farm organizations such as the National Grange and communities

Telephone history

rural free delivery of mail experiments began in 1891, generally adopted by 1902

telephone cooperatives

local use of the telephone