Earley 6
Baltic Sea
naval stores (the umbrella term for several products made from pine trees) were the pre-19th century equivalent of oil

Different products and methods of production

Note the two different processes, making turpentine by tapping live trees and tar from dead wood (preferably lightwood, wood that has become saturated with resin

A cord of wood would make a 32 gallon barrel of tar and charcoal that could also be sold

diagram of tar kilntar kiln

Turpentine has to be distilled--next chapter